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The Holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a compact pyramid shape. There are quite a few different holly varieties that you will find in most households, especially during the colorful Christmas season. Leaf Arrangement: Alternate. Attributes This tree: Features leathery leaves that are 2–4" long, maintain their green color year-round, and are sharply tipped on the margins. On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. It dislikes high temperatures and high humidity so use only in protected locations. American holly is the only one with the leaf blades tipped with a spine and the margins of the leaf blades usually also with spine-tipped teeth. Description. While it prefers normal moisture, the tree has some flood tolerance and drought resistance. known as “the whitest ” of all woods , it pretty much holds true to that title , holly comes in several variations …., youpon , big leaf ect.. , I have used both big leaf and youpon holly with great results , although youpon holly rarely exceeds 12″ in diameter at the base , mostly a shrub , but for inlays and small projects it works great. Habitat Description: In a wide variety of forests, ranging from xeric to wetland (Weakley 2015). These include bud moth, beetles, berry midge, It is a little faded. Habitat: Anywhere where there is water. Peterson. American Holly foliage thins during drought but insect and disease infestations are usually minimal. ©J.S. American Holly is a fairly common understory tree, American Holly is easy to identify, with prickly evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and red fruits (on female trees) that last through the winter. America's Most Popular Holly Why American Holly Trees? Each leaf is equipped with pricks making it hard to pick them up. No Comments American Holly (Ilex opaca) American Forests National Tree Register, Species: American Holly (Ilex opaca), State: AR. American holly should tolerate winter temperatures as low as 20 to 25 degrees F below zero if protected from drying winds and winter sun. It is hardy in Zones 5 to 9. Sign in to suggest organism ID. McSush/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. Scales of various types may infest holly. I do not know if it is a male or female. Spotted by 21gschwartz. Plus, it's versatile. Leaves: The leaves are simple, alternately arranged, persistent, and 2 to 4 inches long by 1 to 2 inches wide. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Join our online community of plant enthusiasts. Description: Evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves. Other environmental conditions that seldom affect Holly trees are atmospheric pollution, maritime exposure and drought. Different Varieties of Holly Bushes and Trees. Leaf, in botany, any usually flattened green outgrowth from the stem of a vascular plant.As the primary sites of photosynthesis, leaves manufacture food for plants, which in turn ultimately nourish and sustain all land animals. Male trees produce axillary clusters of 3-12 male flowers on peduncles about 1" long. United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. Common Name(s): American Holly Tree. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. Small, dull green-white, solitary flowers mature in … PlantShare Connect with other plant fans. 21gschwartz a year ago. The dense branches of this holly grow nearly horizontal in a Why? A number of members of the genus Ilex are referred to as "holly. Protect from cold winter winds. Holly – more specifically the European holly, Ilex aquifolium – is commonly referenced at Christmas time, and is often referred to by the name Christ's thorn. American Holly should be located on fertile, well-drained but moist, slightly acid soils below 6.5 pH. The tree is not at its fullest green color. The most important aspect of American Holly in gardening is that both male and female genders are needed to produce fruit in the female plants. Description. Size/Form: American holly is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 30 to 50 feet. It has glossy green leaves and thorns. Maryland, USA. Description American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. True to its name, the American Holly is the most popular Holly cultivar in the country. Noteworthy Characteristics. They are attached by a continuous vascular system to the rest of the plant so that free … In 1939, American holly was named as the state tree of Delaware. American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta), which has distinctively shaped leaves and is smaller in stature. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are … Leaf miner and scale are the worst problems for American holly, but the tree has a long list of potential problems. Holly plants (Ilex spp.) Ilex opaca: American Holly 4 Pests Holly leaf miner larvae mines out the leaf middle leaving yellow or brown trails. Usage Requirements. Leaves (5-10 cm or 2-4 in) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath. In many Western Christian cultures, holly is a traditional Christmas decoration, used especially in wreaths and illustrations, for instance on Christmas cards.Since medieval times the plant has carried a Christian … However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Habitat: Outdoors. are a diverse lot, American holly being just one of many types.Ilex is among the few plants that can grow in all USDA plant hardiness zones (or in all 50 U.S. states).Holly trees and shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often evergreen. The plants come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from spreading dwarf shrubs 6 inches in height to … Bark is smooth and light-gray. American Holly Trees can be trimmed as a foundation hedge or as a secure, tall privacy … This plant has a number of other common names, including hummock holly, dune holly, and scrub holly. Holly prefers soil that is well-drained, medium moist and slightly acidic, planted in a sunny or partial shade location. Some Holly plants have been found to withstand complete shade, but these plants often develop leaf spot diseases and have decreased berry production. Our other hollies lack spines on the leaves. Individual male flowers are about ¼" across, consisting of a short green calyx with 4 lobes, 4 greenish white or yellowish white petals, and 4 stamens. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). They are similar in appearance with spiny-toothed leaves and an abundance of red berries. Description: pretty tall American Holly tree. Twigs are gray or brown. The American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) is a massive tree that can attain the largest trunk diameter of any eastern U.S. hardwood. I had extra "berries" in my supply and put two on each leaf set. No Comments Sign in to comment. Diseases Tar spot may occasionally cause small yellow spots on the leaves in early summer. Noteworthy Characteristics. Eventually the spots turn reddish Find friends, share your plant sightings, get help with plant identification, collaborate on field surveys, and develop checklists of plants for particular sites you are exploring. Well, for starters, it's disease and pest resistant, making it ideal for creating an effortless hedge or privacy screen. 1 Species ID Suggestions +1. in height. English holly is an ornamental tree or tall hedge in the Aquifoliaceae family. Having the ruler showing and measuring each set of leaves made it easy to know these leaves were the perfect size. The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. I scoured the internet for holly leaves (in March) and was very happy to finally find them and they were double leaves which made for a little less stitching. It has a pyramidal crown. Species ID Suggestions Sign in to suggest organism ID. "Holly, English holly, Oregon holly, and American holly are the species most often associated with the ornamental Christmas holly. Studying leaf shape and the arrangement of leaves on a stem is the most common way of identifying a tree in the field during the growing season. sites. It is effective as a specimen plant, grouped as a tall hedge or foundation planting. American Holly Ilex opaca. If planted in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to 100 years or longer. American Holly is dioecious, forming male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers on separate trees. Spider mites cause discoloration and speckling of holly foliage. The American holly grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. Some are evergreen, some deciduous; some are 12-inch bushes, some 50-foot giants. Holly species (genus Ilex) vary dramatically. Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild.It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the … The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. Christmas Holly. American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. Flowers are small and white with four rounded petals, present April-June. Botanically, leaves are an integral part of the stem system. How to Distinguish Between a Burford Holly & a Dwarf Burford Holly. Description . Berry production is highest in full sun on female trees. Scientific Name: Ilex … Often I can tell the sex of the American Holly by examining its leaves. Description: A pointy leaf that is very prickly. June 13, 2002. Person Co., NC 4/1/06. General Description: American holly is a well known, dioecious shrub or tree that measures 90-300 cm. Location Rosebud, AR . These are some of the most common and popular varieties of the holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and uses. Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild.It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the … It is most easily identified by its bright red berries, arranged in clusters along the length of the smooth, robust stems. Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. Three female plants require one male plant--the bees will do the rest. ... 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