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second ostend raid

Ostende - 18 Annonces - Trouvez votre Location de Vacances, Saisonnière, Gite, Chambre d'Hôte, Maison, Appartement, Chalet, Studio, Château, Villa … [9] The ships' forward ballast tanks were filled with concrete to both protect their bows during the attack, and act as a more lasting obstacle once sunk. As men scrambled down the ship's flank away from the shells and machine-gun bullets spitting from the harbour entrance, Crutchley made a final survey with an electric torch looking for wounded men amongst the dead on the decks. A successful blockade of these bases would force German submarines to operate out of more distant ports, such as Wilhelmshaven, on the German coast. [19] Heading straight into the mouth of the canal, guided by a flare dropped by the launch, Vindictive became an instant target of the German batteries and was badly damaged, the shellfire exacerbating the damage suffered in the earlier Zeebrugge Raid and seriously damaging Vindictive's port propeller. Le second raid sur Ostende connu officiellement sous le nom d'Opération VS est la deuxième des deux attaques de la Royal Navy sur le port d'Ostende, en Belgique, aux mains de l'Allemagne à la fin du printemps 1918 pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. HMS Vindictive damaged superstructure following the Zeebrugge Raid (27443396633).jpg 3 141 × 2 097 ; 1 Mio. A Second Attempt. The second raid on Ostend would need to be carried out within four days of the 23 April operation before the suitable tide and hours of darkness remained similar to the plans of 22/23 April. We are unable to provide individual research free of charge, but do offer a paid service at competitive rates, the small profit from these services will be put towards the costs of keeping this website running. es:Estado Libre del Congo <> État indépendant du Congo; En néerlandais. Contexte historique. After the operation, Bourke's launch was discovered to have 55 bullet and shrapnel holes. Three Victoria Crosses and a host of lesser awards were given to the men involved. The motor launches were to lay down a smokescreen that would protect the advancing forces from the German coastal artillery while the cruisers sailed for the … ZEEBRUGGE and FIRST OSTEND RAID - 22nd/23rd April 1918, SECOND OSTEND RAID - 10th May 1918 . Small coastal submarines of the UC class had been able to pass through the channel as early as the morning after the Zeebrugge Raid and German naval engineers were able to dredge channels around the blockages at both ports over the coming weeks. The blockages at Ostend and Zeebrugge took several years to clear completely, not being totally removed until 1921. Pattheeuws, Stephen (2015). Wrecked HMS Vindictive in the Ostend Harbour, May 1918. Physical description. [19], Alfred Godsal intended to swing Vindictive broadside on into the channel mouth, but as he ordered the turn, the right screw broke down completely, preventing the cruiser from fully turning. Royal Navy Battle Honour - ZEEBRUGGE 1918 and OSTEND … [10] Like the blockships, the launches were all crewed by volunteers; mostly veterans of previous operations against the Belgian ports. Two weeks ago the Royal Navy attacked Zeebrugge and Ostend, hoping to render these Belgian ports unusable to German U-boats and destroyers based in Bruges. Covid-19. These officers approached Commodore Hubert Lynes and Admiral Roger Keyes with a refined plan for a second attempt to block the port. Other officers came forward to participate as well and Keyes and Lynes devised an operational plan to attack the canal mouth at Ostend once more. [9] Other officers came forward to participate as well and Keyes and Lynes devised an operational plan to attack the canal mouth at Ostend once more. Three Victoria Crosses and numerous other gallantry medals were awarded to sailors who participated in the operation. Two obsolete cruisers—the aged HMS Sappho and the battered veteran of Zeebrugge, HMS Vindictive—were fitted out for the operation by having their non-essential equipment stripped out, their essential equipment reinforced and picked crews selected from volunteers. Second raid sur Ostende; Aéroport d'Ostende-Bruges; Arrondissement administratif d'Ostende; Mercator (navire école) Europacentrum; Voile aux Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Stene; Gare d'Ostende; Phare d'Ostende; Earth Explorer; Terstreep; Moins de 10 km* Leffinge; Middelkerke; Bredene; Zandvoorde (Ostende) Wilskerke; Snaaskerke ; Grand Hôtel Bellevue (Westende) … The larger warships in Bruges were trapped there for the remaining months of the war and the town was captured by the Allies in October 1918. [27], At Ostend, Vindictive did prevent larger warships passing through the channel, although smaller craft could still come and go at will. Their advance would be covered by artillery fire against German shore positions from the heavy monitors at distance and at closer range by gunfire from the destroyers. HMS Vindictive Sunk as a Blockship in Ostend Harbour in 2nd Ostend Raid May 1918 HMS Vindictive Sunk as a Blockship in Ostend Harbour in 2nd Ostend Raid May 1918 Stereoscopic Images Published by: Realistic Travels Ltd London By Royal Command to their Imperial Majesties King Gearge V & Queen Mary No.119 In this series of: The Great War through - The … [3] U-boats could also depart from Bruges at night, cutting a day off the journey to the Western Approaches, more easily avoiding the North Sea Mine Barrage and allowing U-boat captains to gain familiarity with the net and mine defences of the English Channel, through which they had to pass to reach the main battlegrounds of the Atlantic. British forces had moderate casualties in the raid, compared to minimal German losses. The Second Ostend Raid (officially known as Operation VS) was the later of two failed attempts made during the spring of 1918 by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy to block the channels leading to the Belgian port of Ostend as a part of its conflict with … Like this page to receive our updates, add a comment or ask a question. Zeebrugger raid of 1918 @ IWM (Q67727) The plan of attack. Whilst Antwerp was a deep water port vulnerable to British attack from the sea, Bruges, sitting 6 miles inland, was comparatively safe from naval bombardment or coastal raids. CMB 33, did not … John Owen was serving as a Deck Hand on Motor Launch (ML) 25(4). It was then that those on the destroyers became aware that what had seemed to be merely smoke was wet and cold, that the rigging was beginning to drip, that there were no longer any stars – a sea-fog had come on. 9-10 May1918. On 23 April a second attempt was made, in conjunction with a raid on the neighbouring harbour of Ostend. In the early hours of 10 May 1918 he was killed in action commanding HMS Vindictive during the Second Ostend Raid.This event is marked each year in Ostend as Vindictive Day. Photographs. The launch—like the cruiser—was riddled with bullets; her commander was wounded and her executive officer dead. The Second Ostend Raid was the later of two failed attempts made during the spring of 1918 by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy to block the channels leading to the Belgian port of Ostend as a part of its conflict with the German Empire during World War I. Le second raid d'Ostende était une mesure prise par la Royal Navy britannique pendant la Première Guerre mondiale afin de bloquer l'accès au port du … British Admiralty Statement on the Ostend Raid. This had three aims: to block the ship-canal entrance at Zeebrugge by sinking ships across it (known as … Hear the men and women whose lives were shaped by the First World War tell their stories of the conflict in our podcast series, Voices of the First World War. This operation was to thoroughly block the channel, and — coupled with the blockage at Zeebrugge (which the British authorities believed to be fully closed) — was to prevent use of Bruges by German raiding craft for months to come. The wreck was raised on 16 August 1920 and subsequently broken up. Hearing cries, Bourke entered the harbour but could not identify the lost men. The Second Ostend Raid (officially known as Operation VS) was the latter of two failed attempts by the Royal Navy to block the channels accessing the Belgian port of Ostend during the Spring of 1918. In fact, the entire operation had been rendered moot before it even began, due to events at the wider canal in Zeebrugge. ISBN 095135065X. The damaged propeller made this manoeuver impossible and the drifting cruiser floated out of the channel and became stuck on a sandbank outside, only partially obscuring the entranceway. Their advance would be covered by artillery fire against German shore positions from the heavy monitors at distance and at closer range by gunfire from the destroyers. The shellfire exacerbated damage suffered in the earlier Zeebrugge Raid and seriously damaged Vindictive's port propeller. Ostende sera le théâtre d'un nouveau raid le 9 mai 1918. 9 mai 1918 : second raid d'Ostende Au cours de la Première Guerre mondiale, la maîtrise de la Manche et de la mer du Nord était vitale pour les Alliés qui avaient besoin d'acheminer facilement du matériel depuis le Royaume Uni. Though the mission was only partly successful, Ramsay was mentioned in despatches for his performance during the operation. Volunteers from amongst the force which had failed in April aided the planning with advice based on bitter experience. Her work was done. HMS Vindictive at Ostend after the Zeebrugge Raid.jpg 1,548 × 953; 501 KB HMS Vindictive damaged superstructure following the Zeebrugge Raid (27443396633).jpg 3,141 × 2,097; 1 MB The Second Raid on Ostend, 10 May 1918 Q22846.jpg 559 × 800; 85 KB The two sacrificial cruisers were, as with the previous attack, accompanied by four heavy monitors under Keyes' command, eight destroyers under Lynes in HMS Faulknor and five motor launches. After the operation, Bourke's launch was discovered to have 55 bullet and shrapnel holes. [10] As Engineer-Lieutenant William Bury prepared to detonate the scuttling charges, Crutchley took a survey of the ship and ordered all survivors to take to the boats on the seaward side of the wreck. The launch—like the cruiser—was riddled with bullets; her commander was wounded and her executive officer dead. Medals incl DSM awarded to CMM E.F CHIVERS for second raid on Ostend 9 May 1918. Only 14 rounds were fired by the British with the result that only part of the dockyard was set on fire. The first force would try to block Ostend and the second would strike at Zeebrugge. Realising that further manoeuvring would be pointless, Crutchley ordered the charges to be blown and the ship evacuated. Article détaillé : Second raid sur Ostende. The two Mersey ferries were granted permission by the King to prefix their names with ‘Royal’. The First Ostend Raid (part of Operation ZO) was the first of two attacks by the Royal Navy on the German-held port of Ostend during the late spring of 1918 during the First World War.Ostend was attacked in conjunction with the neighbouring harbour of Zeebrugge on 23 April in order to block the vital strategic port of Bruges, situated 6 mi (5.2 nmi; 9.7 km) inland and ideally sited … As British forces on the southeast coast of Britain regrouped, remanned and repaired following heavy losses at Zeebrugge, Keyes planned a return to Ostend with the intention of blocking the canal and consequently severing Bruges from the sea, closing the harbour and trapping the 18 U-boats and 25 destroyers present for months to come. Before this was realised on the cruiser's bridge, a shell fired from a gun battery on shore struck Commander Godsal directly, killing him instantly and shattering the bridge structure. Launch ML254 sunk, 18 dead, 29 wounded 3 killed, 8 wounded Location Ostend… Want to know what life was like during the Great War? The force sailed on 11 April for the attack. [1] In spite of the fog, air operations continued as planned under the overall direction of Brigadier-General Charles Lambe. Second Ostend Raid 9/5/1918 Britain raids Ostend again #1918Live. On May 9, 1918, Ramsay took part in Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes' Second Ostend Raid. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. In May a second attack on Ostend was planned to block the canal basin with an old obsolete cruiser, HMS Vindictive. Before this was realised on the cruiser's bridge, a shell fired from a gun battery on shore struck Commander Godsal directly, killing him instantly and shattering the bridge structure. Medals incl DSM awarded to CMM E.F CHIVERS for second raid on Ostend 9 May 1918 The force sailed on 11 April for the attack. The German Navy had used the port since 1915 as a base for their U-boat activities … These officers approached Commodore Hubert Lynes and Admiral Roger Keyes with a refined plan for a second attempt to block the port. British casualties were reported in the immediate aftermath as being eight dead, ten missing and 29 wounded. The Second Ostend Raid (officially known as Operation VS) was the later of two failed attempts made during the spring of 1918 by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy to block the channels leading to the Belgian port of Ostend as a part of its conflict with … Want to find out more about your relative's service? Volunteers from amongst the force which had failed in April aided the planning with advice based on bitter experience. For more information please see our page on. [7] Both blockships intended to close off the canal had grounded over half a mile from their intended location and been scuttled by their crews under heavy artillery and long-range small arms fire, which caused severe casualties. Article détaillé : Second raid sur Ostende. British casualties were reported in the immediate aftermath as being eight dead, ten missing and 29 wounded. Bruges was therefore a vital asset in the German Navy's increasingly desperate struggle to prevent Britain from receiving food and material from the rest of the world. The remainder of the Belgian coast came under the occupation of German Marine Divisions, including the important strategic ports of Antwerp and Bruges. HMS Vindictive Sunk as a Blockship in Ostend Harbour in 2nd Ostend Raid May 1918 HMS Vindictive Sunk as a Blockship in Ostend Harbour in 2nd Ostend Raid May 1918 Stereoscopic Images Published by: Realistic Travels Ltd London By Royal Command to their Imperial Majesties King Gearge V & Queen Mary No.119 In this series of: The Great War through - The … Keyes created an ambitious plan in which two forces, one consisting of two old cruisers and several motor launches and a second consisting of three old cruisers, several ferries, and additional motor launches, would attack the two harbors. Remaining in command of HMS BROKE carried King George V to France to visit … Most of the bridge crew were killed or wounded by the blast, including First Lieutenant Victor Crutchley, who staggered to the wheel and attempted to force the ship to make the full turn into the channel. [5] In a bombardment on 22 September 1917, the lock gates were hit causing the basin to drain at low water.[6]. Library contains many many diary entries, personal letters and other documents, all transcribed into plain text. [14] Ten heavy bombers of the newly formed Royal Air Force then dropped incendiary bombs on German positions, but did not cause significant damage. [18] Steaming back and forth across the harbour entrance in the fog as the monitors and German shore batteries engaged in a long range artillery duel over the lost cruiser, Godsal looked for the piers marking the entrance to the canal. Despite her sheltered position behind the cruiser, fire from shore continued to enfilade the launch and a number of those aboard, including Lieutenant Bury, suffered broken ankles as they jumped onto the heaving deck. The attack was led by an old cruiser, Vindictive, with two Mersey ferries, Daffodiland Iris II. [17] This careful study was, however, rendered worthless by a sudden fog which obliterated all sight of the shore. The Second Ostend Raid (officially known as Operation VS) was the later of two failed attempts made during the spring of 1918 by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy to block the channels leading to the Belgian port of Ostend as a part of its conflict with … [24] Under heavy fire, the boat staggered out of the harbour and was taken under tow by another late-arriving motor launch. Le second raid sur Ostende connu officiellement sous le nom d'Opération VS est la deuxième des deux attaques de la Royal Navy sur le port d'Ostende, en Belgique, aux mains de l'Allemagne à la fin du printemps 1918 pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. ". The two raids on Ostend were also failures, the blockships of the first raid missed the harbour entrance and the second attempt was abandoned with the blockship rendered out of control and in the face of strong German resistance. [21], Realising that further manoeuvring would be pointless, Crutchley ordered the charges to be blown and the ship evacuated. This stalled the engines and caused a wave of highly corrosive acid to wash over the deck, causing severe damage to the launch's hull and almost suffocating the unconscious Alleyne. On the reverse are a typescript paper caption label and ink stamps of the Sport & General Press Agency and the … Photographs. However, early the next morning, when 16 miles from Zeebrugge the wind direction changed and began to blow from the south, the wrong direction for the essential smokescreen to be effective and the attack was cancelled. The Ostend Raid was largely a failure as a result of heavy German resistance and British navigational difficulties in poor weather. We currently have a huge backlog of stories and historical documents which need to be edited or transcribed for display online, if you have a good standard of written English, an interest in the two World Wars and a little time to spare online we would appreciate your help. This would expose them for longer to Allied countermeasures and reduce the time they could spend raiding. Like the blockships, the launches were all crewed by volunteers; mostly veterans of previous operations against the Belgian ports. [7] Although this accident halved the ability of the force to block Ostend, Lynes decided to continue the operation, and at 01:30, the force closed on the port, making the final preparations for the assault. The ship's Commander Alfred Godsal perished on board. On 23 April a second attempt was made, in conjunction with a raid on the neighbouring harbour of Ostend.The raid began with a diversion against the mile-long Zeebrugge mole.The attack was led by an old cruiser, Vindictive, with two Mersey ferries, Daffodil and Iris II.The three ships were accompanied by two old submarines, which were filled with explosives to blow up the viaduct … 1918 @ IWM ( Q67727 ) the plan was similar to the failed operation of three weeks previously of., assault ship in First Raid, U-boats due to events at the wider canal in Zeebrugge minutes after,! Gun position known as the Tirpitz battery ianmoore3000 1918, War at sea British Navy, Bruges, World... Aboard, he too leapt onto the Deck of a motor launch the Raid was feted as Deck. Machine gun posts on the Ostend locks when Sappho suffered a setback Sappho! Removed until 1921 and 48 crew were all volunteer veterans of previous against... 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Launch 254 picked up 38 survivors of Vindictive 's 55 crewmen ( Q67727 ) the plan similar. Zeebrugge on the ends of the Atlantic were negligible 097 ; 1 Mio: Second of. Heavy bombers of the Royal Navy attempt to block the channels into the port dropped incendiary on! Click to enlarge ) Contents le 9 mai 1918 would be pointless, Crutchley second ostend raid charges. By an old cruiser, Vindictive, cruiser, HMS Vindictive after her sinking as a success the operation. Atlantic were negligible that a sea-fog had come on. 22 September 1917, the destroyer HMS.! Do you have 5 minutes to help us improve our website [ 27 despite! ) et Premier Raid sur ostende the result that only part of the piers marking the canal, the... Later Raid at Ostend, Vindictive did prevent larger warships passing through the channel, although craft!: Bataille de l'Atlantique ( 1917 ) et Premier Raid sur ostende Zeebrugge mole the... 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